Mississippi: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

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Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

Mississippi is known for its agriculture, specifically its production of cotton.

In fact, Mississippi is the leading producer of cotton in the United States, and it is also one of the top producers of soybeans, rice, and sweet potatoes.

Mississippi’s climate is conducive to agriculture, as it is warm and humid throughout much of the year.

This makes it an ideal location for growing crops such as cotton and rice.

Plant Hardiness zone map

Let us take a look at the Plant Hardiness zone map of Mississippi.

According to the above map, the state of Mississippi belongs to zone 7b to 9a, i.e., the minimum temperature ranges from 5˚ to 25˚F, while the maximum temperature goes up to 70˚F during the summers.

In 2020 US Climate analysis, Mississippi has been ranked the tenth warmest state in the southern region, having an annual average temperature of 65.31˚F.


The average annual rainfall in the state is about 56 inches, ranging from 50 inches in the north to about 65 inches along the coast.

During the span of 1895-2020, Mississippi has received annual precipitation of 68.22 inches, making it the 11th wettest state in the southern region.

Soil type

Below map shows the soil regions of the Mississippi.

The below table will give a more clear idea of the map.

Soil Order Of Mississippi

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Delta/Inceptisols, Alfisols, and MollisolsWesternSoils are moist to wet with medium to heavy texture. It is mainly used for agricultural purposes.
Loess Hills/Alfisols, Entisols, and UltisolsEastThese are silty upland soils that are deep, well-drained, and fertile
Upper Coastal Plain and Interior Flatwoods/Alfisols, Entisols, Vertisol, and UltisolsnortheastThese soils display advanced soil development, with well-defined topsoil and subsoil horizons
Blackland Prairie/Ultisols and Vertisolsnorthern and central portionsSoils are finely textured with shrink-swell clays and alkaline pH.
Lower Coastal Plain and Coastal Flatwoods/Alfisols, Entisols, Histosol, and UltisolsSoutheastern corner along the Gulf of MexicoSoils are sandy and wet with low native fertility

To get further information on the soil types, you can check out the general soil map of Mississippi.

Best Fruits / Veggies to Grow in the State

Looking for Plant Hardiness, Climate & Soil Conditions for other US States? Check out our guides for other states here>