Nevada: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

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Agriculture is an important part of the Nevada economy.

The state’s agricultural sector is diverse, with cattle ranching, dairy production, hay farming, and crop production all being significant components.

Nevada’s climate and topography allow for a wide variety of crops to be grown.

The state’s main agricultural products are hay, alfalfa, wheat, barley, potatoes, onions, and garlic. Nevada also produces a significant amount of honey.

Dairy production is also an important part of Nevada agriculture.

Potatoes are one of Nevada’s most important crops. Onions and garlic are also important crops for the state.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map

Let us take a look at the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map for Nevada


Nevada’s climate is mainly of arid and semi-arid types, with hot summers and cold winters. Summers are severely hot and dry in Nevada, with temperatures often exceeding 40°F.  

Winters are long and cold in the north but short and mild in the south.

Winter minimum temperatures register in the 15-20°F range in the plains, and temperatures below 0°F seldom last for more than a few days.


The annual rainfall is scarce and hardly averages 7 inches in Nevada, with the majority of the precipitation on the leeward side of the Sierra Nevada.

The average precipitation ranges from 5 inches in the south to 12 inches in the north.  

Snowfall is heavy, between 20 inches in the central and 30 inches in the northern regions, while the south receives occasional light outbursts.

Soil Type

The map below shows the ecoregions of the state.

Now, let us see the soil orders spread out in the state with the help of the table below.

Soil Order Of Nevada

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Characteristics/Xerolls, Ustolls, Cryolls, and AquollsThese soils are scattered throughout the state1. Xerolls are the more or less freely drained Mollisols of regions that have Mediterranean climates.
2. Ustolls are the more or less freely drained Mollisols of sub-humid to semiarid climates.
3. Cryolls are the cool or cold, more or less freely drained Mollisols.
4. Aquolls are the wet Mollisols.
Entisols/Orthents, Fluvents, Psamments and AquentsIn the Central basin and range and the Mojave Basin and Range.1. Orthents are common on recent erosional surfaces
2. Fluvents are the more or less freely drained Entisols that formed in recent water-deposited sediments
3. Psamments are sandy soils.
4. Aquents are the wet Entisols.
Aridosols/Argids, Calcids, Cambids, Durids, Gypsids, and SalidsOccupied all over the state. Argids are mostly found in the Central Basin and Range while Calcids are in the southern part.1. Argids have an argillic or natric horizon.
2. Calcids have a calcic or petro calcic horizon and have calcium carbonate in the layers above.
3. Cambids are characterized by the least degree of soil development.
4. Cambids are characterized by the least degree of soil development.
5. Durids are the Aridisols that have a duripan.
6. Gypsids are the Aridisols that have a gypsic or petrogypsic horizon.
7. Salids are the Aridisols that have a salic.
Inceptisols/AqueptsIn the Central Basin and Range.1. Aquepts are wet Inceptisols.

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