Georgia: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

Our experienced writers spend hours deep researching, considering both scientific and experimental info to bring the insights you can trust.  

From the mountains in the north to the coastal plains in the south, farmers in Georgia produce a wide variety of crops and livestock.

Georgia is the number one state in the nation in the production of peanuts, broilers (chickens), pecans, blueberries, and spring onions.

It is also at or near the top regarding cotton, watermelon, peaches, eggs, cucumbers, sweet corn, bell peppers, tomatoes, cantaloupes, rye, and cabbage.

Fruits and vegetables are not the only things that Georgia farmers grow.

It is also a leading producer of timber and poultry. In fact, Georgia is home to more than 1/3 of all chicken processing plants in the U.S.

Plant Hardiness Zone for Georgia

Firstly, we’ll see what the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map tells about the state.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map For Georgia


The state belongs to the 6-9 zone. Summers are humid and warm, with temperatures ranging from 72˚F in the northeastern hilly regions to about 82˚F in the south.

At the same time, the winter temperatures vary between the north and the south.


Georgia receives rainfall frequently throughout the year.

The state receives an average annual rainfall of about 80 inches in the mountainous northeastern corner of the state to around 45 inches in the eastern and central portions.

Soil Type

The below map shows the ecoregions of the state.

The table below shows the soil type distribution throughout the state.

Soil Order For Georgia

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Ultisols/Udults and AquultsAquults along the coast while udults are found throughout the state.1. Aquults are the wet soils, particularly on the coastal plains
2. Udults are the more or less freely drained, relatively humus-poor Ultisols that have a udic moisture regime.
Entisols/AquentsIn the coastal plains1. These are the wet Entisols usually along the coast
2. They are formed in recent sediments
Inceptisols/UdeptsIn the coastal plains, piedmont, and the blue ridges1. They are mainly freely drained Inceptisols that have a udic or perudic moisture regime.
Alfisols/UdalfsFew patches in the piedmont region1. Have a udic moisture regime.
Spodosols/AquodsIn the southeastern party of the coastal plain (along the coast)1. These are wet Spodosols
2. Are characterized by a shallow fluctuating water table
3. They are naturally infertile but they can be highly responsive to good management.

Best Fruits / Veggies to Grow in the State

Looking for Plant Hardiness, Climate & Soil Conditions for other US States? Check out our guides for other states here>