Agriculture has been an important part of Montana’s economy and history.
Montana is one of the nation’s leading producers of wheat, barley, lentils, and flaxseed. Montana farmers and ranchers also produce beef, lamb, wool, and honey.
Montana’s climate and a diverse landscape provide ideal conditions for raising a variety of crops and livestock.
The state’s dryland wheat production is among the highest in the United States.
Agriculture is an important driver of Montana’s rural economy. The state’s farmers and ranchers take pride in producing high-quality food and fiber products that are enjoyed by people around the world.
Montana Plant Hardiness Zones
Let us go through the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map.
Plant Hardiness Zone Map for Montana
The temperature around the state varies with the location and altitude.
The summer temperatures range around 85˚F in July while it drops 0˚F in January during winters.
Chinook winds from the southwest aid in raising the temperatures, especially in the mountainous regions.
The average annual precipitation in the state is about only 15 inches, with significant differences between the eastern and the western portions of the state.
The below map shows the Ecoregions of the state of Montana.
Now let us see the soil orders present in the state.
Soil Order Of Montana
|Soil / Sub Order||Location||Characteristics|
|Alfisols/Ustalfs||In the Rocky Mountains||1. Ustic soil moisture regime
2 .Supports savanna and grassland vegetation
|Inceptisols/Ustepts||In the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains||1. Freely drained with ustic soil moisture regime
2. Most of them are used as croplands or pastures
|Vertisols/Usterts||In the Great Plains||1. These are clayey soils that have deep, wide cracks during some part of the year
2. The saturated hydraulic saturation of the soil is very low
3. The permeability of these soils are very slow
|Mollisols/Ustolls||In the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains||1. These are more or less freely drained mollisols of sub-humid to semi-arid climates
2. Drought is frequent and may be severe
3. This soil requires a good amount of irrigation due to a lack of soil moisture which could affect plant growth.
|Aridisols/Argids||These soils account for a very small region in the Great Plains||1. These are dry soils
2. They have an argillic or natric horizon
|Entisols/Orthends||In the Great Plains||1. These soils have no diagnostic horizons
2. They are commonly on recent erosional surfaces
If you want to check this information on a map, check out this link>