West Virginia: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

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West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the United States.

The state’s agricultural industry is primarily focused on livestock production.

Hay is the state’s top crop, followed by apples, corn, soybeans, and tobacco.

Peaches and wheat are also grown in West Virginia. The state’s climate is conducive to growing a variety of crops. However, the mountainous terrain presents some challenges for farmers.

US Plant Hardiness Zone for West Virginia

Before going ahead let us quickly take a look at the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map of the state.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map for West Virginia


West Virginia has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and cold winters.

Summers are hot with increasing humidity with average high temperatures of 82-87°F in the peak of July.

While winter days are cold, while the temperatures are below freezing during the nights. The average low temperatures are in the 15-25°F range in January.


West Virginia experiences evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year that averages 44 inches. Rainfall peaks in midsummer July and the higher elevations register 56 inches.

Eastern valleys that lie in the rain shadow region of the Allegheny Mountains record low rain compared to the rest of the state receiving 36 inches.

Snowfall averages 36 inches during the year; Snowshoe in the east is the snowiest at 159 inches, while Elkins records 84 inches the eastern highlands accumulate considerably more snow than the rest of the state.

Soil Type

The below map shows the ecoregions of the state.

Now, let us look at the soils present in the state.

Soil Order Of West Virginia

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Alfisols/UdalfsIn the southern unglaciated Appalachian Plateau and Allegheny mountains.1. Udalfs have a udic moisture regime.
Inceptisols/UdeptsIn the northern Cumberland mountains, Allegheny mountains, and northern ridge and valleys.1. Udepts are mainly freely drained Inceptisols that have a udic or perudic moisture regime.
Entisols/All the sub-orders are present in small amounts: Aquents, Arents, Fluvents, Orthents, and Psamments.Aquents and Orthents in northern Cumberland mountains, Arents in unglaciated Appalachian Plateau, and Fluvents and Psamments in northern ridge and valley.1. Aquents are the wet Entisols.
2. Arents do not have diagnostic horizons because they have been deeply mixed by plowing, spading, or other methods of moving by humans.
3. Fluvents are the more or less freely drained Entisols that formed in recent water-deposited sediments.
4. Orthents on recent erosional surfaces.
Psamments are sandy soils.
Ultisols/UdultsPresent throughout the state.1. Udults are the more or less freely drained, relatively humus-poor Ultisols that have a udic moisture regime.

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