Kansas: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

Our experienced writers spend hours deep researching, considering both scientific and experimental info to bring the insights you can trust.  

Kansas is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States.

The state is known for its agriculture, and the top five agricultural products grown or raised in Kansas include cattle and calves, wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.

Kansas is one of the leading states in the production of wheat and corn, and it is also a major producer of cattle and calves.

Soybeans are also a major crop in Kansas, and the state ranks among the top ten producers of soybeans in the United States.

Sorghum is another important crop in Kansas, and the state ranks among the top five producers of sorghum in the United States.

US Plant Hardiness Zone for Kansas

Firstly, let us scan the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map of the state.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map For Kansas


The state of Kansas mainly experiences three different types of climate. A small western part of the state has a semi-arid steppe with hot summers and cold winters.

The significant eastern portion has hot and humid summers and falls under the humid continental type.

Southeastern Kansas displays a humid subtropical type with mild winters. Temperatures in the southwest frequently cross 90°F in the summer.

While places in the east, register above 110°F due to the urban heat island effect. Winters are cold with moderate snowfall and often experience sharp temperature changes.


Western Kansas is dry with 18-26 inches of annual rainfall, while the eastern portion is relatively wetter between 36-45 inches.

The average snowfall ranges from 10-20 inches in the west to 6-12 inches in the east. The mountains register more than 20 inches of snowfall annually.

Soil Type

The below map shows the ecoregions of the state.

Now, let us see the soil distribution of the state using the table.

Soil Order Of Kansas

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Mollisols/Ustolls and UdollsFound all over the state.1. Ustolls are the more or less freely drained Mollisols of sub-humid to semiarid climates.
2. Udolls are the more or less freely drained Mollisols of humid climates.
Alfisols/Ustalfs and AqualfsUstalfs in the southern part of the state and Aqulfs in the Ozark Highlands.1. Ustalfs have a ustic soil moisture regime.
2. Aqualfs have warm and aquic conditions.
Entisols/Orthents, Psamments, and Fluvents
Orthents and Psamments in the western high plains while Fluvents in the central great plains. 1. Orthents are found on recent erosional surfaces.
Psamments are sandy soils
3. Fluvents are the more or less freely drained Entisols that formed in recent water-deposited sediments.
Inceptisols/UsteptsA small part in the southern part of central great plains.1. Ustepts are freely drained Inceptisols that have a ustic moisture regime.

Best Fruits / Veggies to Grow in the State

Looking for Plant Hardiness, Climate & Soil Conditions for other US States? Check out our guides for other states here>