Vermont: Plant Hardiness Zones, Climate & Soil Conditions

Our experienced writers spend hours deep researching, considering both scientific and experimental info to bring the insights you can trust.  

Vermont has a long and proud tradition of agriculture.

Vermont’s agricultural products include dairy products, maple syrup, honey, apples, pumpkins, and more. Vermont’s farmers work hard to produce these items in a sustainable way that protects the environment.

Dairy farming is a particularly important part of Vermont’s agriculture. The state is home to many small family farms that produce milk, cheese, butter, and other dairy products.

These farms are an essential part of the state’s economy and culture.

Apples are also a big part of Vermont agriculture.

Pumpkins are another popular crop in Vermont. Every year, thousands of people visit Vermont to enjoy pumpkin-flavored everything during the fall season!

Plant Hardiness Zone

Let us first examine the US Plant Hardiness Zone Map of the state.

Plant Hardiness Zone Map for Vermont

Climate

Vermont has a humid continental type of climate with warm and muggy summers and cold and snowy winters. The state comes under the 3b-5 zone.

Vermont has warm and humid summers with average high temperatures of 75-82°F in the peak of July

Winters are extremely cold and snowy, and average low temperatures during January are in the cold 2-12°F range across the different regions in the state.

Precipitation

The annual precipitation averages 50 inches, and the average snowfall is usually between 80-100 inches during the winter.  

Snowstorms are frequent during the winter, the intensity of these storms varies, but many are strong enough to deposit large quantities of snow and often create deep snowpacks.

Soil Type

The below map shows the ecoregions of the state.

Let us see the soil orders present in these ecoregions with the help of a table.

Soil Order Of Vermont

Soil / Sub OrderLocationCharacteristics
Spodosols/OrthodsFound almost all over the state.1. Orthods are the relatively freely drained Spodosols with a moderate organic carbon accumulation in the spodic horizon.
Inceptisols/Aquepts and UdeptsAquepts in the Champlain Valley and northern Vermont Piedmont while Udepts in the Vermont Piedmont region and Taconic mountains.1. Aquepts are wet Inceptisols.
2. Udepts are mainly freely drained Inceptisols that have a udic or perudic moisture regime.
Alfisols/Aqualfs and UdalfsAqualfs in the Champlain Valley and Udalfs in the Taconic mountains region.1. Aqualfs have warm and aquic conditions
2. Udalfs have a udic moisture regime.
Histosols/SapristsFound in a very small portion of Champlain Valley.1. Saprists are the wet Histosols in which the organic materials are well decomposed.
Entisols/Aquents and PsammentsA small part in the Champlain Valleys.1. Aquents the wet Entisols.
2. Psamments are sandy soils