This comprehensively researched guide will help you identify all trees whose names begin with the letter B.
Let’s get right into it.
- 1. Baldcypress
- 2. Balm, Mountain
- 3. Balsam, Canada
- 4. Baretta
- 5. Basswood, American
- 6. Bayberry, California
- 7. Bay, California
- 8. Bayonetta
- 9. Bean, Castor
- 10. Bearberry
- 11. Bearbrush
- 12. Bee-brush
- 13. Big Tree
- 14. Bird-Of-Paradise
- 15. Bluewood
- 16. Blackhead, Ebony
- 17. Bladdernut, Sierra
- 18. Blueblossom
- 19. Botoncillo
- 20. Bottlebrush, Weeping
- 21. Boxelder
- 22. Box, Victorian
- 23. Brushholly
- 24. Buckeye, California
- 25. Buffaloberry, Silver
- 26. Bully, Gum
- 27. Burning Bush
- 28. Buttercup Bush
- 29. Butterflybush, Squarestem
- 30. Buttonball-tree
- 31. Baccharis, Eastern
- 32. Banyan Tree
- 33. Beadtree, Red
- 34. Beaverwood
- 35. Bee-bee Tree
- 36. Beech, American
- 37. Beeftree
- 38. Ben Franklin Tree
- 39. Bitterbush, Florida
- 40. Boxorange, Chinese
- 41. Boxwood, False
- 42. Bucida, Oxhorn
- 43. Buckthorn, Alder
- 44. Buckwheat Tree
- 45. Bursting-heart
- 46. Butterbough
- 47. Butternut
- 48. Buttonwood
- 49. Beargrasses (Genus)
- 50. Birches (Genus)
- Bottom Line
Scientific Name: Taxodium distichum
Native: Southern Texas and far into Mexico
Ahuehuete trees grow to about 40 meters tall and 3 meters wide in diameter. They are usually found in swampy areas and have distinct feather-resembling shoots.
Other characteristics include a broad-based trunk with projecting “knees”.
They bear small seed cones that are round and fleshy.
2. Balm, Mountain
Scientific Name: Ceanothus velutinus
Native: Open wooded slopes of central California
This small tree reaches 1 to 6m in height and often has several trunks.
Its leaves are aromatic, fine toothed and bright green.
It bears several white flowers in conical clusters and a triangular fruit that is dark brown at maturity.
3. Balsam, Canada
Scientific Name: Abies balsamea
Native: Boreal forests of Western North America
The Canada Balsam fir tree is a large tree that grows up to 25m with a trunk up to 1m in diameter. The bark is gray and the tree’s leaves are needle-like.
The seed cone is ellipsoid, blue-gray, and turns brown at maturity. This tree is usually found at elevations above 600m.
Scientific Name: Helietta parvifolia
Native: Scrub thickets of extreme southern Texas
Type: Semi Evergreen
The tree grows up to 8m tall with elliptical, shiny, and dark-green leaves.
It bears numerous flowers in white to greenish colors in clusters. Its fruit is a yellow and tan segmented capsule.
The leaves have a distinct aromatic smell unique to this small tree.
5. Basswood, American
Scientific Name: Tilia americana
Native: Widespread in eastern North America
This tree grows to heights from 18 to 30m and has a single straight trunk.
It bears distinctive heart-shaped leaves and a few flowers that are fragrant and yellowish-white.
The fruit is round, has a thick shell, and resembles a nut.
6. Bayberry, California
Scientific Name: Myrica californica
Native: Coastal Dunes, Marshes and coniferous forests of California
This tree grows to 10m tall and has a distinguishing spicy aromatic scent secreted by glands on the leaves and twigs. It has dark green leaves and small catkins for flowers.
The fruit is a round drupe with a waxy texture and is darkly colored.
7. Bay, California
Scientific Name: Umbellularia californica
Native: Redwood forests, slopes, and canyons of California
This magnificent tree stands at up to 45m tall with a trunk up to 1m in diameter.
It has highly aromatic pungent leaves and pale yellow flowers in clusters of 6 to 8.
The fruit is a circular to ovoid drupe that resembles a golf ball on a tee.
Scientific Name: Yucca thompsoniana
Native: Rocky slopes of Texas and Mexico
This small tree only grows to 3m tall and has stiff leaves that are extremely rough-textured.
The flower may be bell-shaped, circular, or pendant-shaped and is borne in clusters.
The fruit is usually an ovoid capsule.
9. Bean, Castor
Scientific Name: Ricinus communis
This tree grows to 3m in cold areas and 10m in warmer regions.
It has simple, broad, and circular leaves with tiny greenish flowers that are borne year-round in favorable climates.
The fruit is one large spiny capsule that is usually brown in color.
Scientific Name: Frangula purshiana
Native: Roadsides, edges, and clearings of southern British Colombia to Northern California
The bearberry tree is a small tree, about 5-15m, and has a straight trunk.
The leaves are clustered, simple, and have a dark green shiny upper surface.
It bears a bell-shaped, broad, yellowish-green flower and a shiny blackish round drupe for a fruit.
Scientific Name:Garrya fremontii
Native: Open woodlands and forests of s. Washington, nw. Nevada to s.California, nw. Mexico
This plant, usually a shrub 1 to 3m tall, is yellowish-green with oval-shaped leaves that are hairless and lustrous.
It flowers between January to April and bears a blackish round fruit that is also hairless.
Scientific Name: Eysenhardtia texana
Native: Brushy slopes of southern Texas
This tree, usually a shrub of up to 5m tall, is deciduous in colder climates.
It has oblong leaves with distinct densely spiked flowers that resemble peas.
The fruit is also oblong and is an ascending legume. Calcareous soils are where this tree is commonly found.
13. Big Tree
Scientific Name: Sequoiadendron giganteum
Native: Isolated groves of California’s coniferous forests
This magnificent tree is the largest in the world, standing at 9.5m with a trunk to 8.5m wide.
It has a red-brown bark that is extremely thick.
The tree bears scalelike leaves and seed cones. This is the third-longest living tree species in the world and the wood is commonly used to make matchsticks
Scientific Name: Caesalpinia gilliesii
Native: South America
This open shrub or small tree grows from 1 to 4m tall with elliptical leaves.
The flowers are distinct, colored yellow with bright red stamens.
The fruit is an elongated oblong legume. These trees are frequently planted for ornamental use.
Scientific Name: Condalia hookeri
Native: Sandy brush areas of Texas and Mexico
Type: Evergreen or Deciduous
This shrub or tree forms thickets and grows up to heights of 6-9m tall.
It has thorn-tipped rigid twigs with spoon-shaped leaves that are lustrous and yellow-green.
The flower is bowl-shaped and light green and the fruit is a circular drupe that darkens as it matures.
16. Blackhead, Ebony
Scientific Name: Ebenopsis ebano
Native: Wooded or brushy areas of Texas and Mexico
This many-armed shrub reaches heights of 9m tall and has many branches.
The twig bears short spines and the leaf is a lustrous dark green color.
The flowers are cream-colored and small. The fruit is a thick-walled legume that is dark brown to black.
17. Bladdernut, Sierra
Scientific Name: Staphylea bolanderi
Native: California to Sierra Nevada
This tree or shrub is 2 to 6m tall with hairless twigs and green leaves bears several flowers in clusters that are white-colored and 5-petaled.
The fruit is football-shaped and inflated. It is uncommon to find this tree on wooded or shrubby slopes.
Scientific Name: Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
Native: Brushy or wooded slopes and canyons of Oregon and California
This small shrub has a wide, dense, and windswept appearance, growing to heights of only 0.5m to 6m. It has dark green oval shaped leaves but it’s primary characteristic is its distinct clusters of pale blue to blue flowers.
Scientific Name: Cephalanthus salicifolius
Native: Wet soils of Texas
This shrub or small tree grows to heights of 2 to 5m tall.
The whorled leaves are a distinct feature of this plant and they are green and lustrous. It bears flowers in dense circular clusters.
The flowers are trumpet-shaped and the fruit is a woody capsule.
20. Bottlebrush, Weeping
Scientific Name: Melaleuca viminalis
This tree attains heights of up to 6m and has leathery dark green leaves.
The tree bears flowers in red spikes that droop off the ends of its twigs, resembling a bottlebrush thus giving the plant its name.
The fruit is a hard capsule.
Scientific Name: Acer negundo
Native: Southern and central Arizona and New Mexico
The boxelder tree grows from 12 to 25m tall with one or more trunks.
It bears thin leaves that have a light green upper surface. The flowers bear no petals, only yellow-green sepals.
The fruit is small and pale brown in color.
22. Box, Victorian
Scientific Name: Pittosporum undulatum
Native: South East Australia
The Victorian Box attains heights of 15m with 1 to many trunks and simple, thin leaves that are oblong shaped.
The flowers are borne in clusters of 5 to 10, they are aromatic and creamy white in color.
The fruit is circular and has a leathery finish that is usually orange.
Scientific Name: Xylosma flexuosa
Native: Extreme southern Texas
The brushholly is a thin shrub, around 2m tall or a tree up to 12m tall. It has distinctive thorns on each leaf node. The leaves are oval and leathery, usually dark green.
The plant bears small flowers without petals. The fruit is a round red berry.
24. Buckeye, California
Scientific Name: Aesculus californica
This tree grows as tall as 12m and bears leaflets with long petioles.
The flowers may be pink or white, and have a sweet scent, borne in thick clusters.
The fruit is a hanging pear shaped capsule with a leathery finish.
25. Buffaloberry, Silver
Scientific Name: Shepherdia argentea
Native: Widely scattered in western North America
This tree is about 6m tall with spreading branches and simple, thin leaves.
The leaves are distinctly covered in silvery scales on both sides.
The flowers are small, yellow, and borne in clusters. The fruit resembles a reddish drupe speckled with white.
26. Bully, Gum
Scientific Name: Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Native: Southern Arizona, scattered across Mexico
This plant is usually a shrub 6-20m tall with cluttered wedge-shaped leaves and thorn-tipped branches. The leaves have a distinct felt-finished lower surface.
The flowers are white or cream yellow and are 5-petaled. The fruit is a blackberry, which is usually oval-shaped.
27. Burning Bush
Scientific Name: Euonymus occidentalis
Native: Coastal ravines of southwest British Colombia to southwest California
This shrub or small tree is 2-6m tall and has oval leaves with a tapered point.
The flower is green to purplish and 5-petaled, often with purple spots.
The fruit is a capsule with a large singular brown seed.
28. Buttercup Bush
Scientific Name: Senna multiglandulosa
Native: Central and South America
This spreading tree grows to 6m tall and has thick and hairy leaflets.
It bears bright yellow flowers in clusters of 5 to 15.
The fruit is swollen legume with a leathery finish. The plant was introduced in many parts of the world for ornamental purposes but now is a weed.
29. Butterflybush, Squarestem
Scientific Name: Buddleja saligna
Native: south Africa
Type: Evergreen or deciduous
This tree or shrub grows up to 7m tall and has velvety white twigs. It has olive-green leaves with star-shaped scales on the bottom. The tree bears flowers colored cream, orange, or reddish in clusters. The fruit is an oval capsule about 2mm long.
Scientific Name: Platanus racemosa
Native: Canyons and along rivers of California
This medium-sized tree grows to 25m long with many trunks and a broad crown. The leaves are thick and dark green. The flower is greenish-yellow to red in color and circular.
The fruit is a dense and round brown head with brown bristles on the base.
31. Baccharis, Eastern
Scientific Name: Baccharis halimifolia
Native: coastal eastern North America
This small tree grows to 4m tall with multiple trunks.
The leaves are grayish-green, dotted with glands.
The tree bears flowers, male ones being yellow and female ones being whitish with cotton-like bristles for seed distribution.
32. Banyan Tree
Scientific Name: Ficus benghalensis
This tree grows to 30m tall with many secondary trunks and leathery heart-shaped leaves that have a shiny green upper surface and a paler hairy lower surface.
The fruit is a hairy, rounded fig or orange.
33. Beadtree, Red
Scientific Name: Adenanthera pavonina
Native: tropical Asia
This tree grows up to 20m tall and has a light brown bark with dark green leaflets that are oval shaped. The yellow or orange flowers bloom in spring.
The fruit is a flattened, spiral shaped legume that matures in autumn.
Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis
Native: Widely scattered in eastern North America
This tree or shrub grows up to 35m tall and has a single trunk with a brown bark and coarsely toothed leaves.
It bears small, green flowers without petals in spring.
The fruit is a round dark red or purple drupe that matures in autumn.
35. Bee-bee Tree
Scientific Name: Tetradium daniellii
This tree, about 20m tall, bears broad oval shaped leaves with a short pointed tip. The flowers are white, 5-petaled, and are borne in clusters in summer.
The fruit is a pod that is shaped like a pear and matures late in summer or in autumn.
36. Beech, American
Scientific Name: Fagus grandifolia
Native: Eastern North America
This tree is 5 to 30m tall with a single trunk, a smooth blue-gray bark, and simple dark-green oval leaves that are coarsely toothed.
The flowers are small and inconspicuous. The fruit is a cupule that contains 1 to 3 nuts.
Scientific Name: Guapira discolor
Native: Widely scattered in western North America
This scraggly shrub is about 5 to 10m tall and lowly branched. It has a smooth bark and stout twig. The leaves are leathery and thick, with the upper surface being yellow-green.
The flowers are trumpet shaped, usually yellow or light green.
The fruit is a fleshy, bright red drupe.
38. Ben Franklin Tree
Scientific Name: Franklinia alatamaha
Native: Altamaha River
This shrub or tree is 3-7m tall and has a simple oval leaf with a long, tapered base and a dark green upper surface. The flower is white and 5-sepaled.
The fruit is a round brown capsule that matures late in autumn.
39. Bitterbush, Florida
Scientific Name: Picramnia pentandra
Native: Miami-Dade County
This shrub grows to 6m tall with a smooth, gray bark and a broad, papery leaf that is lustrous green.
The flower is small, green, tinged with red that blossoms mainly in summer.
The plant has dangling clusters of a fleshy round red berry.
40. Boxorange, Chinese
Scientific Name: Severinia buxifolia
Native: China, Taiwan
This evergreen shrub has leathery dark green leaves that are oval-shaped with a notched tip.
It bears white, 5-petaled flowers that are aromatic and blossom in spring.
The fruit is a black berry that is round and has several seeds.
41. Boxwood, False
Scientific Name: Gyminda latifolia
Native: Southern Florida
This small tree is about 8m tall and has a diameter of 15cm with a grayish-brown bark and a simple, thick leaf that is bluntly toothed and light green on the surface.
The flower is greenish-white and the fruit is a round, darkly colored drupe that matures around the year.
42. Bucida, Oxhorn
Scientific Name: Bucida buceras
Native: West Indies
This tree grows to about 25m tall and has a broad crown with leaves densely crowded at the tips of shoots.
The flower is greenish white without petals and appears in clustered dangling spikes.
The fruit is egg-shaped and leathery.
43. Buckthorn, Alder
Scientific Name: Frangula alnus
This small tree grows to 7m tall with several trunks and a smooth grayish-brown bark. The leaves are oval with a short pointed tip and a lustrous green upper surface.
The flower is creamy or yellowish-green, borne in clusters. The fruit is a rounded drupe.
44. Buckwheat Tree
Scientific Name: Cliftonia monophylla
Native: Swamps and southeastern coastal plains
This shrub or small tree grows to 18m tall with a smooth dark gray bark and grayish twig. The leaves are leathery and dark green.
The plant bears fragrant white flowers that are sometimes tinged with pink.
The fruit is a dry drupe that resembles a golden amber capsule.
Scientific Name: Euonymus americanus
Native: Moist woods and floodplains of eastern North America
This shrub has multiple stems and a distinct knobby red fruiting capsule. The leaves are dark green and fine-toothed and the stems are green as well.
The tree also bears a creamy white 4-petaled flower. The flowers are borne from the leaf axils.
Scientific Name: Exothea paniculata
Native: Hammocks and shell mounds of Florida
This shrub or tree reaches heights of 15m tall with a bright reddish brown bark. It has compound leaves that bear oblong dark green leaflets.
The flower is a white 5-petaled spreading structure. The fruit is a red berry that darkens and becomes purple at maturity.
Scientific Name: Juglans cinerea
Native: Irregularly distributed in eastern North America
This tree is 20 to 30m tall and 1m in diameter. It has a light gray bark and a lustrous twig. The leaves are ovate and have a tapered tip with a yellowish-green upper surface.
The flowers are greenish-yellow catkins. The fruit is an oval nut or drupe.
Scientific Name: Conocarpus erectus
Native: Coastal hammocks, mangroves of south Florida
This shrub or tree grows to 20m tall and has a single erect trunk. The leaves are simple and leathery with a sharp tip.
The tree bears small green flowers without petals in dense clusters during spring to autumn.
The fruit is small and scalelike.
49. Beargrasses (Genus)
Native: southern US to Mexico
This genus consists of 30 species that bear rosettes and several flexible leaves.
They have small, creamy white flowers that are borne in clusters and a stiff, papery capsule for a fruit.
The leaves and flowers of this genus are used in basket and mat weaving.
50. Birches (Genus)
Native: North America
Birches are a genus of about 35 species and consist of deciduous trees or shrubs bearing multiple trunks.
The bark is distinct with peeling sheets and the tree bears oval leaves that turn yellow in the autumn. The flowers and fruits are both conspicuous catkins.
Hopefully, this guide has helped you identify many trees starting with the letter B.
Your suggestions for more species and genera are most welcome.
Do share this guide with your friends and family if you enjoyed it.